Endometriosis: Effective Treatments and Management Options for Pain and Symptoms


Endometriosis is a medical condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain, inflammation, and other symptoms. It is estimated that up to 10% of women of reproductive age suffer from endometriosis, yet it remains a poorly understood and often underdiagnosed condition.

While there is no known cure for endometriosis, there are a number of treatments available that can help manage the symptoms and improve quality of life for those who suffer from it. In this article, we will explore the various treatment options available for endometriosis and the latest research on what can help.

  1. Pain Management

Pain is one of the most common symptoms of endometriosis, and it can range from mild discomfort to severe and debilitating cramps. Over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen can be effective in managing mild to moderate pain, but for more severe pain, prescription medications such as opioids may be necessary.

In addition to medication, other forms of pain management such as heating pads or hot water bottles can provide relief. Regular exercise and relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation have also been shown to be helpful in managing pain associated with endometriosis.

  1. Hormonal Therapy

Hormonal therapy is a common treatment option for endometriosis. The goal of hormonal therapy is to reduce the amount of estrogen in the body, as estrogen is known to contribute to the growth of endometrial tissue.

There are a number of hormonal therapy options available, including birth control pills, progesterone-only medications, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. Birth control pills work by preventing ovulation and reducing the amount of estrogen in the body. Progesterone-only medications such as medroxyprogesterone can also help reduce estrogen levels and limit the growth of endometrial tissue. GnRH agonists work by temporarily shutting down the production of estrogen, which can help reduce the size of endometrial growths.

  1. Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat endometriosis. The most common surgical procedure for endometriosis is laparoscopic excision, in which the surgeon uses a laparoscope to remove endometrial tissue. This procedure can be effective in reducing pain and other symptoms associated with endometriosis.

In more severe cases, a hysterectomy may be recommended. This procedure involves the removal of the uterus and is generally considered a last resort for those who have not responded to other treatment options.

  1. Diet and Lifestyle Changes

While there is no specific diet that has been proven to cure endometriosis, there are a number of dietary and lifestyle changes that can help manage the symptoms. For example, consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help reduce inflammation in the body and may help reduce the severity of endometriosis symptoms.

In addition, regular exercise can help manage pain and improve overall health. Stress reduction techniques such as meditation and yoga can also be helpful in managing the symptoms of endometriosis.

  1. Alternative Therapies

A number of alternative therapies have been proposed as potential treatments for endometriosis. For example, acupuncture has been shown to be effective in reducing pain associated with endometriosis. Similarly, herbal remedies such as chamomile tea and ginger root have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and may be helpful in managing symptoms.

In conclusion, endometriosis is a complex and often underdiagnosed condition that can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. However, there are a number of treatment options available that can help manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. Pain management, hormonal therapy, surgery, diet and lifestyle changes, and alternative therapies are all viable options for those who suffer from endometriosis.

It is important to note that each case of endometriosis is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. If you suspect that you may have endometriosis, it is important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for your specific needs.


  1. “Endometriosis Fact Sheet.” Office on Women’s Health. https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/endometriosis.
  2. “Endometriosis Treatment Options.” Endometriosis Foundation of America. https://www.endofound.org/endometriosis-treatment-options.
  3. “Medical Treatment of Endometriosis.” American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/gynecologic-problems/medical-treatment-of-endometriosis.
  4. “Laparoscopic Excision of Endometriosis.” Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, vol. 13, no. 6, 2006, pp. 529–533. doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2006.06.012.
  5. “Acupuncture for Endometriosis-Related Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, vol. 37, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1005–1015. doi:10.1016/s1701-2163(15)30239-1.

Tattoo Quest (Part 2): The Spread of Tattoos

This is a continuation of a three part series of articles on the art of tattoo. I’ve chosen this as a topic in order to help decide whether or not I will get a tattoo myself. Click to read Part 1 and Part 3.

Tattoos have been around for a long long time. The earliest known case of inktitude was found in 1992 on the mummified and extremely frozen corpse of Otzi the Iceman. The Iceman’s tattoos are strangely in line with common acupuncture nodes and are likely to be more than decorative.

While most tattoos are ornamental in nature, the tattoos found on Otzi’s body were in the form of simple stripes or crosses. They were also found in places that would normally be covered by hair or clothing. Since such non-ornamental tattoos had previously been found in similar locations on mummies in Siberia and South America, some researchers speculated that the lines on Otzi’s body were of therapeutic importance.


The arts of tattoo and acupuncture often intersect and have aided each other in spreading to a global audience. Other mummies with these holistically rad skin decals have been found through the world.

Trade routes spread ideas as well as goods. Routes such as the silk road were vitally important in sharing skin tapestries.

During the expansion of the roman empire tattoos went from being an acceptable art form worn by soldiers to an anti christian sentiment and therefore banned.

Among the Greek and Romans, tattoos were used to mark someone as belonging to a certain religious sect, or as the owner of slaves. Tattoos were even used as a form of punishment to mark criminals. When a dynasty of Macedonian Greek monarchs riles Egypt, the pharaoh Ptolemy IV (221-205 B.C.) evidently had been tattooed with ivy leaves to symbolize his devotion to Dionysus, the Greek god of wine. The tattoo fashion was then taken up by Roman soldiers and utilized across the Roman Empire until the spread of Christianity, when tattoos were banned by the Emperor Constantine (A.D. 306-373).



Both of these empires had a heck of a lot of pull on the world around them. When trade routes shifted from land to sea, tattoos became a symbol of the traveler and of nobility.

Tattoos became popular in Britain after Captain James Cook made his trip to Tahiti, which is about 1,500 miles from Samoa. Broken shells were the tattoo needles of choice in Tahiti. Cook made the practice popular amont sailors before British elites started wearing them. King George V sported a dragon tattoo, and King Edward VII was decorated with a Christian cross. From this point onward, the tattoo became a sign of nobility in Britain.


The bridge from antiquity to modern tattooing really happened in 1891 when Samual O’Reilly patented the electric tattooing machine. Since then, the art of tattooing has spread like dermal wildfire. As I’m not really sure what dermal wildfire is, I’ll leave that to your imagination.

Stay tuned for the part three of my cultural examination of tattoos. I’ll be investigating the long-term psychological effects of having a tattoo!


Sources and Additional Information:

Samual O’reilly

Tattoo History

Another Tattoo History

Acupuncture and Tattoos

Otzi the Iceman

Other Wondergressive Links:
Tattoo Quest (Part 1): Tattoos of Southeast Asia

Tattoo Quest (Part 3): Significance of Tattoos in the 20th and 21st Century 
AI Proscribes Better Treatment than Doctors