Unveiling the Mystery of Shadow People: Theories and Explanations

Shadow people, mysterious figures often seen in peripheral vision, have been a topic of fascination and fear for many. They are often described as dark, human-like silhouettes with no discernible facial features, and their presence has been reported worldwide [1]. With various theories surrounding their existence, ranging from paranormal to scientific explanations, shadow people remain a compelling and enigmatic subject. This article will delve into the theories and explanations behind shadow people and their sightings, examining the many possibilities behind these mysterious apparitions.

  1. Historical and Cultural References to Shadow People

Shadow people sightings have been recorded throughout history and across various cultures. In folklore and mythology, they have been referred to by different names, such as the German “Schattenmann,” the Turkish “Karabasan,” and the Arabic “Jinn” [2]. These cultural references often describe shadow people as malevolent entities that can cause fear, anxiety, or even physical harm.

In modern times, shadow people gained renewed attention following the publication of Heidi Hollis’s book “The Secret War: A True Story About a Real Alien War and Shadow People” in 2001 [3]. In her book, Hollis describes shadow people as malevolent beings that feed on human fear and negativity.

  1. Paranormal Theories

One of the most popular theories surrounding shadow people is that they are paranormal entities. Some believe that they are spirits or interdimensional beings that have the ability to cross into our realm of existence [4]. Others argue that they are demonic in nature, feeding on human fear and negative energy.

Some paranormal investigators suggest that shadow people sightings could be evidence of residual hauntings, where the energy of past events becomes imprinted in a location, causing shadowy figures to appear [5]. This theory suggests that shadow people may not be conscious entities but rather a type of paranormal “recording” of past events.

  1. Psychological Explanations

Several psychological theories attempt to explain shadow people sightings as a product of the human mind. One such theory is that they are a result of sleep paralysis, a condition in which a person becomes temporarily unable to move or speak while falling asleep or waking up [6]. During sleep paralysis, hallucinations can occur, and many people report seeing shadowy figures in their peripheral vision.

Another psychological theory is that shadow people are a manifestation of the brain’s tendency to recognize familiar patterns, even when none are present. This phenomenon, known as pareidolia, could cause people to perceive shadowy figures when faced with ambiguous visual stimuli [7].

  1. Scientific Explanations

Some scientific explanations for shadow people sightings focus on the role of the human eye and its limitations. The peripheral vision, which is responsible for detecting motion and low-light situations, is more sensitive to light but has lower resolution than central vision [8]. As a result, peripheral vision may be more prone to seeing vague, shadowy figures in low-light conditions.

Additionally, certain medical conditions, such as migraines or retinal detachment, can cause people to see flashes of light or shadowy figures [9]. In these cases, shadow people sightings may be a symptom of an underlying medical issue rather than a paranormal occurrence.

  1. The Role of Media and Popular Culture

The widespread interest in shadow people can also be attributed to their portrayal in media and popular culture. Television shows, movies, and books often depict shadow people as mysterious, malevolent beings, which can amplify existing fears and beliefs about them [10]. This portrayal can create a feedback loop, with more people reporting sightings of shadow people as their awareness of the phenomenon increases.


The enigmatic nature of shadow people continues to captivate and mystify those who encounter them. With various theories attempting to explain their existence, ranging from paranormal to psychological and scientific explanations, it remains uncertain what truly lies behind these mysterious apparitions. The prevalence of shadow people in historical and cultural references, as well as their portrayal in media and popular culture, only serves to deepen the intrigue surrounding them. As we continue to explore the unknown, the mystery of shadow people will undoubtedly remain a compelling subject for further research and investigation.

Source List

[1] “Shadow People: Theories and Explanations.” Paranormal Authority, https://paranormalauthority.com/shadow-people/.

[2] Guiley, Rosemary Ellen. “The Djinn Connection: The Hidden Links Between Djinn, Shadow People, ETs, Nephilim, Archons, Reptilians, and Other Entities.” Visionary Living, Inc., 2011.

[3] Hollis, Heidi. “The Secret War: A True Story About a Real Alien War and Shadow People.” iUniverse, 2001.

[4] Pritchard, Joshua P. “An Investigation into the Existence of Paranormal Entities: A Multidisciplinary Approach.” Lambert Academic Publishing, 2010.

[5] Chappell, Kristen. “What Are Residual Hauntings?” Exemplore, https://exemplore.com/paranormal/What-Are-Residual-Hauntings.

[6] Sharpless, Brian A., and Karl Doghramji. “Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives.” Oxford University Press, 2015.

[7] Shermer, Michael. “Patternicity: Finding Meaningful Patterns in Meaningless Noise.” Scientific American, 1 Nov. 2008, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/patternicity-finding-meaningful-patterns/.

[8] Tyler, Christopher W. “Peripheral Vision: Peripheral Processing.” Encyclopedia of the Eye, edited by Darlene A. Dartt, Academic Press, 2010, pp. 295-299.

[9] “Retinal Detachment: Symptoms.” Mayo Clinic, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/symptoms-causes/syc-20351344.

[10] Radford, Benjamin. “Mysterious ‘Shadow People’ Are More Like a Trick of the Brain.” LiveScience, 8 Oct. 2014, https://www.livescience.com/48250-shadow-people-trick-of-brain.html.

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Spring Equinox: A Journey Through History and Fascinating Facts

The arrival of the spring equinox has been celebrated and revered throughout history, marking a time of renewal and balance as the days become longer and the Earth awakens from its winter slumber. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history and intriguing facts about the spring equinox, exploring its significance across cultures and time. Get ready to be amazed by the captivating stories and traditions that have evolved around this celestial event.

  1. Understanding the Spring Equinox

The spring equinox, also known as the vernal equinox, occurs when the Sun crosses the celestial equator, resulting in equal periods of daylight and nighttime across the Earth[1]. This event typically occurs around March 20th or 21st in the Northern Hemisphere and September 22nd or 23rd in the Southern Hemisphere. The equinox derives its name from the Latin words “aequus,” meaning equal, and “nox,” meaning night[2]. As the days continue to grow longer after the equinox, the Earth tilts on its axis, bringing warmer weather and the renewal of life[3].

  1. Ancient Observances and Significance

The spring equinox has been recognized and celebrated by various cultures throughout history, each attributing unique significance to the event.

a) Stonehenge, England

One of the most iconic monuments associated with the equinox is Stonehenge, a prehistoric stone circle in England[4]. During the spring and autumn equinoxes, the Sun rises directly above the Heel Stone, an ancient marker located just outside the circle[5]. This alignment suggests that the monument was designed to observe these celestial events, although its true purpose remains a mystery.

b) The Mayan Pyramids, Mexico

In Mexico, the ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza is home to El Castillo, a stepped pyramid that hosts a spectacular display during the spring equinox. As the Sun sets, a series of triangular shadows appear along the pyramid’s staircase, creating the illusion of a serpent slithering down the structure[6]. This phenomenon, known as the “Descent of Kukulkan,” honors the Mayan feathered serpent god and symbolizes the connection between the heavens and Earth.

c) The Iranian Nowruz Celebration

The spring equinox is also the beginning of the Persian New Year, known as Nowruz[7]. This ancient celebration, dating back over 3,000 years, marks the start of a 13-day festival filled with feasting, family gatherings, and rituals to welcome the New Year and the arrival of spring[8]. One of the most important traditions of Nowruz is the Haft-Sin table, which features seven symbolic items beginning with the Persian letter “S,” each representing a specific aspect of life, such as health, wealth, and happiness[9].

  1. Modern Celebrations and Traditions

In contemporary times, the spring equinox continues to inspire various celebrations and customs around the world.

a) Higan, Japan

In Japan, the equinox is observed during a week-long Buddhist event called Higan, which translates to “the other shore”[10]. During this time, people visit their ancestors’ graves and participate in religious services to honor the dead and seek enlightenment[11].

b) Ostara, Germany

The pagan holiday of Ostara, named after the Germanic goddess of spring and fertility, is celebrated during the spring equinox[12]. Traditional customs include decorating eggs, planting seeds, and lighting bonfires to welcome the return of the Sun and the fertility of the land[13].

c) Nowruz, Iran

Nowruz remains a significant celebration in Iran and other Persian-influenced cultures, with people gathering for feasting, dancing, and exchanging gifts[14]. The Haft-Sin table continues to be an essential element of the festivities, representing the hope and renewal of the New Year[15].

Scientific Significance

Beyond its cultural and spiritual importance, the spring equinox holds scientific significance as well.

a) Equinox and Astronomy

The spring equinox marks the start of astronomical spring, a time when the Earth’s axis is tilted neither toward nor away from the Sun[16]. This alignment results in equal periods of daylight and darkness across the Earth, and the days continue to lengthen until the summer solstice, the longest day of the year[17].

b) Equinox and Climate

The spring equinox is also a crucial time for climate and agriculture. As the Sun warms the Earth, plants and animals awaken from their winter dormancy, and farmers prepare to plant crops[18]. The equinox provides a crucial balance between heat and cold, which enables the growth of diverse plant life and a thriving ecosystem[19].


The spring equinox is a fascinating event that has captivated humanity for centuries. From ancient monuments and traditions to modern celebrations, the equinox has inspired diverse customs and beliefs worldwide. Whether you observe the equinox for spiritual or scientific reasons, one thing is clear: the spring equinox represents a time of renewal and balance, a moment when the Earth awakens from its slumber and life begins anew.


  1. https://www.almanac.com/content/first-day-spring-vernal-equinox
  2. https://www.etymonline.com/word/equinox
  3. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/spring-equinox/
  4. https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/stonehenge/history-and-stories/history/
  5. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/world-heritage/stonehenge/
  6. https://www.ancient-origins.net/history-ancient-traditions/descent-kukulkan-0010375
  7. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Nowruz
  8. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/holidays/reference/persian-new-year-nowruz/
  9. https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/03/20/393798990/a-spring-feast-how-to-set-the-nowruz-haft-seen-table
  10. https://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2286.html
  11. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2017/03/17/travel/celebrate-vernal-equinox-japan/
  12. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ostara-Germanic-festival
  13. https://www.learnreligions.com/ostara-2562418
  14. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-47565960
  15. https://www.irandokht.com/editorial/index4.php?page=3&cnt=71&b_id=587&cat_id=
  16. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/spring-equinox/
  17. https://www.almanac.com/content/first-day-spring-vernal-equinox
  18. https://www.almanac.com/content/first-day-spring-vernal-equinox
  19. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2015/03/20/spring-equinox-is-a-wobbly-balancing-act/

The Richat Structure: Could It Be The Lost City of Atlantis?

The Richat Structure, also known as the Eye of the Sahara, is a geological formation located in the Sahara desert, in the country of Mauritania. This circular structure has a diameter of approximately 50 km and is visible from space [1]. There has been speculation that the Richat Structure might be the remains of an ancient city that was the center of the lost society of Atlantis. While there is no conclusive evidence to support this claim, there are several theories and pieces of evidence that suggest that the Richat Structure might be the remains of an ancient civilization.

History of Atlantis

Atlantis is a mythical island that is said to have existed in the Atlantic Ocean. The story of Atlantis is believed to have originated from the writings of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, who described the island as a powerful and prosperous society that was destroyed in a single day and night of misfortune. Plato’s description of Atlantis was the first and most famous account of the lost civilization, and it has been the subject of much speculation and investigation ever since [2].

The Richat Structure as Atlantis

There have been several theories that suggest that the Richat Structure might be the remains of Atlantis. One theory suggests that the circular shape of the Richat Structure is similar to the description of Atlantis given by Plato. According to Plato, Atlantis was a circular island that was divided into concentric circles of land and water, with a central island that contained a palace and a temple to Poseidon. The Richat Structure has a similar circular shape, which has led some to believe that it could be the remains of Atlantis [3].

Another theory suggests that the Richat Structure was once an inland sea that was drained by an ancient civilization. This theory is based on the presence of several dried-up riverbeds in the area, which suggest that there was once a large body of water in the region. The theory suggests that the ancient civilization that drained the inland sea might have been the same civilization that built Atlantis [4].

Evidence to Support the Theory

While there is no conclusive evidence to support the theory that the Richat Structure is the remains of Atlantis, there are several pieces of evidence that suggest that there might have been an ancient civilization in the region. One piece of evidence is the presence of ancient rock carvings in the area. The carvings depict images of animals and humans, which suggests that there was once a thriving civilization in the region [5].

Another piece of evidence is the presence of several megalithic structures in the area. Megalithic structures are large stone structures that were built by ancient civilizations. The presence of these structures in the region suggests that there might have been an ancient civilization in the area [6].

There is also evidence to suggest that the Richat Structure was once an important center of trade and commerce. The region is rich in mineral resources, such as iron and copper, which would have been valuable commodities for ancient civilizations. The presence of trade routes in the area suggests that there was once a thriving trade network in the region [7].

Criticism of the Theory

Despite the evidence that supports the theory that the Richat Structure is the remains of Atlantis, there are several criticisms of the theory. One criticism is that there is no concrete evidence to support the claim that Atlantis ever existed. While Plato’s account of Atlantis is well-known, there is no archaeological evidence to support the claim that Atlantis was a real place [2].

Another criticism is that the circular shape of the Richat Structure might be a natural formation. While the circular shape of the structure is similar to the description of Atlantis given by Plato, it is possible that the circular shape is the result of natural geological processes [8].


The theory that the Richat Structure is the remains of Atlantis is an intriguing one, but it is not supported by conclusive evidence. While there are several pieces of evidence that suggest that there might have been an ancient civilization in the region, there is no concrete evidence to support the claim that the Richat Structure is the remains of Atlantis. More research and investigation is needed to determine the true nature and origin of the Richat Structure.


  1. NASA Earth Observatory. “Eye of the Sahara.” Accessed February 18, 2023. https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145254/eye-of-the-sahara.
  2. Plato. “Critias.” Translated by B. Jowett. Accessed February 18, 2023. http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/critias.html.
  3. Rand Flem-Ath and Colin Wilson. The Atlantis Blueprint: Unlocking the Ancient Mysteries of a Long-Lost Civilization. New York: Dell Publishing, 2001.
  4. Robert M. Schoch. “The Richat Structure: Natural or Man-Made?” The Skeptic, Vol. 11, No. 1 (2005): 13-18.
  5. Luigi G. Cantarini. “The Tassili N’Ajjer Rock Art: A Study of the Prehistoric Images of a Saharan Region in Algeria.” African Archaeological Review, Vol. 16, No. 1 (1999): 3-23.
  6. Thomas G. Brophy. The Origin Map: Discovery of a Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Albuquerque: Sunstar Publishing, 2002.
  7. Jim Allen. “The Richat Structure – A Natural Formation?” Atlantis Rising, No. 35 (2002): 27-33.
  8. Frank Joseph. Atlantis and Other Lost Worlds: New Evidence of Ancient Secrets. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press, 2015.

All Gods Live in Heaven

I’ve always been interested in getting to the bottom of things. My search now leads me down the path of the gods. Which one came when, which ones are the same but have different names and which ones are just really famous drunks. This week I’ve decided to highlight three of my favorites so far.

But first, before I get down to the lightning bolt slinging and heavenly meddling in human affairs I’d like to discuss the concepts of deism and theism. While both involve the belief in one or many god(s) they are semantically very different. Theism is the belief that one or many god(s) created the universe and are actively involved in its functions. Deists too believe in god(s) but they do so through reason instead of revelation. I wonder if there are adeists as well? A basic difference between the two schools is that one centers around the religion of the gods and the other is centered around the natural evidence of the gods.

Related Article: Failure of Central Planning and the Venezuelan Toilet Paper Shortage

Whichever way you’d like to look at it is fine by me. For the sake of clarity, I’ll be speaking about these figures as though they are real. 100% fact. That way my imagination is free to roam and your scoffs will likely ensue! Today’s list of gods starts with the wonderfully disheveled Eris!

Eris, or the Roman Discorida, is the goddess of chaos. Perhaps the most common account of this famous trickster is the tale of Eris’ golden apple. Basically, Eris wasn’t invited to a party. This is most likely because she had this incredible ability to make mince meat of any social gathering.  While the rest of the gods and goddesses were having a ball, Eris inscribed “to the most beautiful” on a golden apple. She then took the apple to the ball and threw it among the denizens. The story goes that this created such a great fuss which went on to cause the epic Trojan war. Madness.

Eris also has an awesome “religious” text dedicated to her circa 1968. The Principia Discordia contains so many elements of chaos that it is likely the textual embodiment of Eris, herself. Definitely worth a read if you are into  criticizing any sort of religious institution.

Eris, much to her displeasure, is small potatoes when compared to the great Indra.

According to the Indra entry in the Encyclopedia Mythica:

In Vedic times, Indra was the supreme ruler of the gods. He was the leader of the Devas, the god of war, the god of thunder and storms, the greatest of all warriors, the strongest of all beings. He was the defender of gods and mankind against the forces of evil. He had early aspects of a sun-god, riding in a golden chariot across the heavens, but he is more often known as the god of thunder, wielding the celestial weapon Vajra, the lightening bolt. He also employs the bow, a net, and a hook in battle. He shows aspects of being a creater god, having set order to the cosmos, and since he was the one who brought water to earth, he was a fertility god as well. He also had the power to revive slain warriors who had fallen in battle.

… and I heard through the grapevine that he also hosted the greatest potlucks. Depicted as the human form of the word awesome, Indra basically could do anything. Heck, he set order to the universe. Unfortunately for Indra, his might waned and other gods, such as Shiva, came to rule. In his late age Indra went into retirement but he still is considered the leader of the lessor gods. Perhaps, assuming that all gods live in various neighborhoods of heaven, Indra has met Aiwendil.

Related Article: Kim Jong-il’s Personal Chef Recounts Life in the Hermit Kingdom

Aiwendil a lessor god of modern times comes from the mythology created by Tolkien. Being a lover of beasts and birds, Aiwendil was from the court of Yavanna, the giver of fruits. Aiwendil was one of the lessor gods commissioned to help defeat Sauron. Known in middle earth as Radagast the Brown, Aiwendil is most famous for helping the other gods in his order (such as Olórin and Curumo) destroy Sauron’s ring of power. Which, you know, needed to be done.

Holy all of the gods, batman! This is where I’ll end the nerdiness! Ever since I read Terry Pratchett’s  Small Gods, I’ve adopted a new policy on deities. Instead of accepting one God or not accepting any gods, I’ve decided that the only course of action is to accept all of the gods. Perhaps this stance is a bit controversial, heretical, or even blasphemous but frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn–mostly because gods do the damning, and I haven’t passed any of my 7LGCs (Seven-lifetime god certifications) … yet.