Effects of LSD 100% Positive in New Swiss Study, LSD Still Awesome

lsd consciousness trip

LSD alters consciousness in extraordinary ways. http://www.marijuana.com/

The incredible therapeutic properties of LSD have once again been confirmed in a recent Swiss study. It was the first therapeutic study on LSD to take place in 40 years.  The study specifically focused on treating anxiety associated with life-threatening illnesses. Psychotherapy was also used in conjunction with LSD to treat participants’ anxiety.

Related Article: Afraid to Wake Up? Conquering Fear and Life

lsd flowers happy

What is so scary about seeing the smell of flowers? pulsatta.blogspot.com

12 participants in total were involved in the study. Amazingly, every single participant reported experiencing major decreases in anxiety levels due to the LSD-assisted psychotherapy. These decreases in anxiety persisted even 12 months after being administered the LSD. Furthermore, no negative effects were reported by any of the participants. The study was led by Peter Gasser, M.D., who stated that,

…we had in 30 sessions (22 with full dose 200 μg LSD and 8 with placebo dose 20 μg LSD) no severe side effects such as psychotic experiences or suicidal crisis or flashbacks or severe anxieties (bad trips)…That means that we can show that LSD treatment can be safe when it is done in a carefully controlled clinical setting.

Subjects receiving 200 µg LSD and psychotherapy, compared to an active placebo of 20 µg LSD, experienced a reduction in anxiety. Because the reduction in anxiety was still present at a 12-month follow up, Gasser believes that LSD has incredible potential for treating a whole array of psychological conditions. This study is particularly remarkable because unlike previous studies on the efficacy of LSD-assisted psychotherapy, this study employed a random, double blind active placebo.

Related Article: Psychiatrists Cannot Distinguish the Sane From Insane

Researchers noted that one of the most important aspects of the study was that the participants were able to freely contemplate and discuss their experiences while under the effects of LSD, as well as after the trip had ended. A structured and supportive environment appears to be crucial in attaining psychological benefits as well as ensuring that a “bad trip” doesn’t occur.

lsd paper bicycle

LSD blotter paper depicting Albert Hoffman on Bicycle Day.   www.trip-dealer.com

Psychedelics of all types have been studied and found almost across the board to be incredibly safe and highly effective tools in psychotherapy. Despite this clearly illustrated fact, psychedelics continue to be irrationally feared and demonized in the same ignorant fashion as cannabis. Interested in LSD? Let’s go for a trip.

Related Article: The Extraordinary Benefits of Psilocybin in Magic Mushrooms

Psychedelics such as LSD, mescaline, and psilocybin do not cause brain damage and are considered by medical professionals to be non-addictive.  Over 30 million people currently living in the US have used LSD, psilocybin, or mescaline.

Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, was discovered accidentally by Albert Hoffman on April 16, 1943. He had actually unintentionally created it 5 years prior while attempting to synthesize potentially medicinal active constituents from ergot fungus, a fungus that grows on rye. For 5 years the synthesis collected dust until he decided to reexamine it. While reexamining the LSD a small amount was absorbed into Hoffman’s fingertip. He describes his experience:

Last Friday, April 16,1943, I was forced to interrupt my work in the laboratory in the middle of the afternoon and proceed home, being affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness. At home I lay down and sank into a not unpleasant intoxicated-like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dreamlike state, with eyes closed (I found the daylight to be unpleasantly glaring), I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors. After some two hours this condition faded away.

Hoffman was intrigued, and three days later he tried it again, marking April 19, 1943 as the first day a human being ever intentionally consumed LSD. This day is now known as “Bicycle Day,” because Hoffman rode his bike home while he was tripping. Hoffman and his wife spent the rest of their lives advocating the use of LSD, psilocybin, and other psychedelics in the field of psychotherapy. Below is a documentary on LSD which focuses on Albert Hoffman.

The effects of LSD last for 6-11 hours on average. This time period is dependent on various factors such as dosage and body mass.

LSD Duration
Oral
Total Duration
6 – 11 hrs
Onset
20 – 60 mins
Coming Up
15 – 30 mins
Plateau
3 – 6 hrs
Coming Down
3 – 5 hrs
After Effects
2 – 5 hrs
Hangover / Day After
– – –
DURATION CHART
The effects of LSD are numerous, and are entirely dependent on set (your personality, goals, desires, mental state, etc.) and setting ( your environment, time of day, people you are surrounded by, etc.). According to Erowid, the potential effects of LSD include:
POSITIVE
  • mental and physical stimulation
  • increase in associative & creative thinking
  • mood lift
  • increased awareness & appreciation of music
  • sensory enhancement (taste, smell, etc)
  • closed- and open-eye visuals, including trails, color shifts, brightening, etc.
  • life-changing spiritual experiences
  • therapeutic psychological reflection
  • feeling of oceanic connectedness to the universe; blurring of boundaries between self and other
NEUTRAL
  • general change in consciousness
  • pupil dilation
  • difficulty focusing
  • increased salivation and mucus production (causes coughing in some people)
  • unusual body sensations (facial flushing, chills, goosebumps, body energy)
  • unusual thoughts and speech
  • change in perception of time
  • quickly changing emotions (happiness, fear, gidiness, anxiety, anger, joy, irritation)
  • slight increase in body temperature
  • slight increase in heart rate
  • increase in yawning (without being tired)
  • looping, recursive, out of control thinking
NEGATIVE
  • anxiety
  • tension, jaw tension
  • increased perspiration
  • difficulty regulating body temperature
  • nausea
  • dizziness, confusion
  • insomnia
  • megalomania
  • over-awareness & over-sensitization to music and noise
  • paranoia, fear, and panic
  • unwanted and overwhelming feelings
  • unwanted life-changing spiritual experiences
  • flashbacks
lsd blotter paper type

Examples of the creativity involved with LSD blotter paper. http://www.tagohio.com/

Clearly a controlled setting is essential in attaining positive therapeutic results when using LSD. While a “bad trip” is always possible, carefully controlling set and setting can virtually guarantee a positive, life altering experience. As researcher Teri Krebs from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Department of Neuroscience explains,

Everything has some potential for negative effects, but psychedelic use is overall considered to pose a very low risk to the individual and to society. Psychedelics can elicit temporary feelings of anxiety and confusion, but accidents leading to serious injury are extremely rare. Early speculation that psychedelics might lead to mental health problems was based on a small number of case reports and did not take into account either the widespread use of psychedelics or the not infrequent rate of mental health problems in the general population. Over the past 50 years tens of millions of people have used psychedelics and there just is not much evidence of long-term problems.

It is extremely difficult to describe a psychedelic experience, largely because it is so utterly strange relative to the state of consciousness we normally operate in. In a book called The Psychedelic Experience, Timothy Leary, Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) and Ralph Metzner describe a psychedelic trip.

A psychedelic experience is a journey to new realms of consciousness. The scope and content of the experience is limitless, but its characteristic features are the transcendence of verbal concepts, of spacetime dimensions, and of the ego or identity. Such experiences of enlarged consciousness can occur in a variety of ways: sensory deprivation, yoga exercises, disciplined meditation, religious or aesthetic ecstasies, or spontaneously. Most recently they have become available to anyone through the ingestion of psychedelic drugs such as LSD,psilocybinmescalineDMT, etc. Of course, the drug does not produce the transcendent experience. It merely acts as a chemical key — it opens the mind, frees the nervous system of its ordinary patterns and structures.

Related Article: Mystery of Death Solved: DMT is the Key

LSD and other psychedelics have the potential to wildly alter a person’s life in extraordinary ways. A great example of this is illustrated by the drastic reduction in recidivism when US prisoners are given just one dose of LSD under the guidance of a trained professional. A recent study on recidivism rates among substance abusing community offenders found that the use of hallucinogens during therapy had incredible success in curbing anti-social behavior and treating addiction. This is great news since the United States has more prisoners than any other country in the world. In many states recidivism rates can be as high as 78%.

lsd set setting

Set and setting are the key to any LSD trip. http://www.sevencounties.org/

The fact is that LSD is awesome, as long as it is used in the right way, and under the right circumstances. Then again, the same applies to everything.  Hammers are awesome, unless you are using them to break toes at a 5 year old’s party. Noodles are awesome, unless you’re using them to poke people in the eye at a local library. LSD is awesome, as long as it is used by an experienced user or under the guidance of a trained professional.

Related Article: Private Prison Sues State for Not Having Enough Prisoners

Even the CIA is interested psychedlics such as in LSD. MKUltra wasn’t performed just for fun after all. Too bad the CIA was too busy trying to use LSD as a mind control device to recognize its value in giving aid to ailing minds.

Below are two interviews from the 1950s of people who were asked various questions while under the effects of LSD. Although they provide only minimal insight into the actual psychedelic experience, they are interesting to watch nonetheless.

And a more recent one for good measure:

Expand your mind, mind your expansion. Be always growing.

 

Sources:

http://maps.org/pdf/LDA1_FINAL_CSR_20Aug13.pdf

http://psychedelicfrontier.com/2014/01/maps-completes-first-new-therapeutic-lsd-study-in-40-years/

http://www.maps.org/research/

http://www.psychedelic-library.org/child1.htm

http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/lsd/lsd_effects.shtml

http://jop.sagepub.com/content/28/1/62.abstract

http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=17

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_MKUltra

http://www.cracked.com/blog/five-fun-facts-about-the-cia-and-lsd/

http://www.ntnu.edu/news/2013-news/lsd-survey

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0063972

The Extraordinary Benefits of Magic Mushrooms

 

Researchers have found time and time again that the majority of people who ingest a psychedelic substance like psilocybin (one of the major psychoactive constituents in magic mushrooms) experience long lasting, and extremely positive personality changes. 

If you have ever ingested these awe-filled spores, or know anyone that has, you have probably heard them say the term “set and setting.”  This means that the expereince of the “trip” depends entirely upon the set (a person’s personality, their desires, their emotional stability, their beliefs, etc.) and the setting (where you are, who you are with, the time of day).  Altering any one variable completely changes the experience overall.  I like to call it “self-chemistry.”

Researchers are now realizing with greater understanding that ‘set and setting’ isn’t just hippie jargon, it’s a science.  People with the highest levels of absorption, or “a person’s tendency to have episodes of “total” attention where a person’s awareness is fully engaged in whatever has their interest,” seem to have the most life changing and beneficial experiences while under the effect of mushrooms.  Absorption is directly related to the personality trait openness, “which relates to a person’s receptiveness to new ideas and experiences.”

A study focusing on varying levels of absorption and openness in people found that “people who experienced what the researchers described as a “complete mystical experience” developed increased openness to experience whereas those who did not have such an experience had no increase in openness.  People who are more open to their inner experience seem more likely to have a mystical experience and those who have a mystical experience tend to become more open as a result.”  The more open you are, the more open you will become. The study also noted that although modern research has found that personality change, be it positive or negative, in adults over 30, is almost never observed.  Psilocybin, however, is able to affect and alter personality in adults of any age with effects lasting more than a year after the experience.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is one of the leading centers of research on psilocybin.  Throughout their studies they have found that ingesting the substance creates “positive changes in attitudes, mood, life satisfaction, and behavior that persist for more than a year”

In one study, Johns Hopkins found that “94 percent of the study’s 18 participants rated their experiences with psilocybin as among the top five most or as the top most spiritually significant experience of his or her life at a 14-month follow-up. Eighty-four percent also reported positive changes in their behaviors, changes like improved relationships with family and others, increased physical and psychological self-care, and increased devotion to spiritual practice, which were corroborated by family members and others.”

One of the participants in the test even stated that “I feel that I relate better in my marriage, there is more empathy – a greater understanding of people and understanding their difficulties and less judgment.”

Most participants described their experience as  ‘pleasurable’ or ‘ineffably beautiful.’

As a note, the most profound and long lasting effects were found to occur in participants who had experienced a low dosage of the chemical before ingesting larger dosages.

The studies have found minimal physical side effects, ranging from “a brief increase in blood pressure and a small increase in levels of thyroid-stimulating-hormone (TSH), prolactin, cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic hormone.” None of the side effects were considered dangerous by professional medical staff.

The staff concluded that “psilocybin is remarkably non-toxic to the bodyʼs organ systems.”

The study does mention that it is important that a “sitter,” or a person who is not ingesting the substance, be present.  This person should be someone that the person ingesting the substance trusts and can depend on if they begin to experience anxiety.  There were people in the study who experienced brief fear and anxiety, but all of the negative experiences were abated immediately with gentleness and by simply having a trusting person present.

  • Improved marriage
  • No age dependence
  • Increased empathy
  • Greater openness
  • Positive and long-lasting personality alterations
  • Improved creativity
  • Less judgement
  • Greater understanding
  • A greater feeling of connectedness
  • Therapeutic
  • No health risks
  • No danger
  • Proven effectiveness
  • Pleasurable
  • Ineffably beautiful

What are you waiting for?

The Extraordinary Benefits of Psilocybin in Magic Mushrooms

 

Researchers have found time and time again that the majority of people who ingest a psychedelic substance like psilocybin (one of the major psychoactive constituents in magic mushrooms) experience long lasting, extremely positive personality changes. 

If you have ever ingested these awe-filled spores, or know anyone that has, you have probably heard them say the term “set and setting.”  This means that the expereince of the “trip” depends entirely upon the set (a person’s personality, their desires, their emotional stability, their beliefs, etc.) and the setting (where you are, who you are with, the time of day).  Altering any one variable completely changes the experience overall.  I like to call it “self-chemistry.”

Researchers are now realizing with greater understanding that ‘set and setting’ isn’t just hippie jargon, it’s a science.  People with the highest levels of absorption, or a person’s tendency to experiencing complete attention, where a person’s awareness is fully engaged in whatever is holding their interest, seem to have the most life changing and beneficial experiences while under the effect of magic mushrooms.  Absorption is directly related to the personality trait openness, which relates to a person’s receptiveness to new ideas and experiences.

A study focusing on varying levels of absorption and openness in people found that

people who experienced what the researchers described as a ‘complete mystical experience’ developed increased openness to experience whereas those who did not have such an experience had no increase in openness.  People who are more open to their inner experience seem more likely to have a mystical experience and those who have a mystical experience tend to become more open as a result.

The more willing you are to change, the more open you will become. The study also noted that although positive or negative personality change in adults over 30 is almost never observed, psilocybin has the profound ability to affect and alter personality in adults of any age with effects lasting more than a year after the experience.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is one of the leading centers of research on psilocybin.  Throughout their studies they have found that ingesting psilocybin even once creates profound

positive changes in attitudes, mood, life satisfaction, and behavior that persist for more than a year.

In one study, Johns Hopkins found that

94 percent of the study’s 18 participants rated their experiences with psilocybin as among the top five most or as the top most spiritually significant experience of his or her life at a 14-month follow-up. 84 percent also reported positive changes in their behaviors, changes like improved relationships with family and others, increased physical and psychological self-care, and increased devotion to spiritual practice, which were corroborated by family members and others.

One of the participants in the test even stated that

I feel that I relate better in my marriage, there is more empathy – a greater understanding of people and understanding their difficulties and less judgment.

Most participants described their experience as  ‘pleasurable’ or ‘ineffably beautiful.’

As a note, the most profound and long lasting effects were found to occur in participants who had experienced a low dosage of the chemical before ingesting larger dosages.

The studies have found minimal physical side effects, ranging from

a brief increase in blood pressure and a small increase in levels of thyroid-stimulating-hormone (TSH), prolactin, cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic hormone.

None of the side effects were considered dangerous by professional medical staff.

The staff concluded that

psilocybin is remarkably non-toxic to the bodyʼs organ systems.

The study does mention that it is important that a “sitter,” or a person who is not ingesting the substance, be present.  This person should be someone that the person ingesting the substance trusts and can depend on if they begin to experience anxiety.  There were people in the study who experienced brief fear and anxiety, but all of the negative experiences were abated immediately with gentleness and by simply having a trusting person present. The highlights of magic mushroom ingestion:

  • Improved marriage
  • No age dependence
  • Increased empathy
  • Greater openness
  • Positive and long-lasting personality alterations
  • Improved creativity
  • Less judgement
  • Greater understanding
  • A greater feeling of connectedness
  • Therapeutic
  • No health risks
  • No danger (as long as a ‘sitter’ is present)
  • Proven effectiveness
  • Pleasurable
  • Ineffably beautiful
What are you waiting for?

 

Sources:

Psilocybin

Magic Mushrooms Improve Personality

Psychology Today: Psilocybin and Personality

PLOS ONE: Psilocybin Response in Healthy Volunteers

Journal of Psychopharmacology: Mystical Experience of Psilocybin and Openness

Long Lasting Positive Effects of Magic Mushrooms